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ELEMENTARY SCHOOL - Course Descriptions

First Grade

Language Arts: Learning to read and write is the basis for all learning. At First grade the aim is to develop the child’s ability to express him/herself in fluent, confident and accurate English within an integrated program of speaking and listening, reading and writing. Teachers will encourage children to develop an enjoyment of language and literature, thus enabling reinforcement of basic reading comprehension skills and vocabulary acquisition. Phonemic awareness will be taught with a strong emphasis on fluency and reading for meaning, focusing on initial sound recognition then moving to more common sound blends. Written expression will target correct letter formation, adequate spacing, correct grip and letter size, writing whole sentences with the correct tense and punctuation marks, and increasing writing speed whilst maintaining neatness. Spelling skills will focus on studying frequently used words, sight words, letter sound relationships, word families, and specific letter patterns.

Mathematics: Through Cupeyville School’s Math program, students will become confident and competent mathematical problem-solvers. Students will be able to compute and have deep conceptual understanding of numbers and think critically. First grade curriculum focuses on developing numbers sense. They will learn the basic addition and subtraction facts draw and describe geometrical shapes, introduced to the concept of fractions, sorting, and patterning skills. While learning mathematics, students will be actively engaged, using concrete materials and appropriate technologies.

Science: First Grade Science is an integrated, hand-on/minds-on, inquiry based program where learning about the natural world allows for the beginning of experimentation and data collection, where intellectual inquiry is emphasized. Students will engage in active inquiries, investigations, and hand-on activities to develop conceptual understanding and basis research skills. All students will understand that safety is the first rule of all science inquiry.

Social Studies: At First grade level, the Social Studies program focuses on the values of family, friends, and self. The curriculum moves from students learning about themselves to their place in the world. The course will also foster an understanding of the relationship people have with each other and the environment in which they live. It will also develop an understanding of the student’s responsibilities as citizens of Puerto Rico and the world.

Spanish: El programa de español aspira a que el estudiante que cursa el primer grado utilice su lengua materna  adecuadamente y con fluidez, desarrollando al máximo sus capacidades lingüísticas. Las destrezas de lenguaje a trabajarse son: desarrollo de conciencia fonémica, familias de palabras, identificar vocales y consonantes, clases de oraciones, singulares y plurales, clases de sustantivos, singulares y plurales, artículos, introducción a los verbos y a los tiempos verbales, tipos de sílabas, estructura básica de una oración, y tipo de pronombres. De igual forma, se reforzará la producción apropiada del texto escrito: formación de letras, espacio, alineamiento y agarre debido del lápiz. Las destrezas de comprensión de lectura que se han de desarrollar son: adquirir y ampliar vocabulario, identificar las partes de un libro, comparar y contrastar, diferencias entre realidad y fantasía, predecir, identificar los personajes de un cuento e identificar tanto el ambiente como la idea principal de un cuento.

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Second Grade

Language Arts: Learning to read and write is the basis for all learning. At Second grade the aim is to develop the child’s ability to express him/herself in fluent, confident and accurate English within an integrated program of speaking and listening, reading and writing. Teachers will encourage children to develop an enjoyment of language and literature, thus acquiring the proper skills to become lifelong readers and writers. Second graders are expected to discuss various literary and nonliterary elements, such as characters, setting, theme, main idea and supporting details, summarizing, inference, and cause-effect relationship.

Oral Communication will emphasize on common sound blends and the use of descriptive and complex language with increasing accuracy. Written expression will continue reinforcing correct lower and uppercase letter formation, adequate spacing, correct grip and letter size, writing within a defined space, and neatness. Specific grammar skills will include: writing whole sentences with capital letters, using the correct tense and punctuation marks, and identifying nouns, adjectives, singular and plurals, verbs, and pronouns.  Spelling skills will focus on studying high frequency words, sight words, letter sound relationships, word families, and common spelling patterns.

Mathematics: Through Cupeyville School’s Math program, students will become confident and competent mathematical problem-solvers. Students will be able to compute and have deep conceptual understanding of numbers and think critically. Second grade curriculum extends the study of numbers and spatial sense, making measurements, and collect, organize, and display data. Second graders will also use graphs to answer questions and make summary statements and predictions based on their experiences.

Science: Second Grade Science is a program designed to present science concepts in the context of real-life places and applications.  Science course will focus on the building and using science vocabulary appropriately, ask questions, find answers, and compare the known and unknown, through scientific investigations. Conduct investigations in cooperative groups and communicate the process and results of investigations to others. Second graders are expected to demonstrate an understanding and respect for all living things.

Social Studies: Second grade Social Studies program introduces, develops, and reinforces appreciation and awareness of the world and its people. The course will build up on curricular contents such as: understanding the need of rules, importance of national holidays and celebrations, voting and democratic processes, positive examples of citizenship, friendship, and membership in a group, means of communication, and transportation. Second graders will also be introduced to exploring the demographic social and cultural life of Puerto Rico.

Spanish: El programa de español aspira a que el estudiante que cursa el segundo grado utilice su lengua materna  adecuadamente y con fluidez, desarrollando al máximo sus capacidades lingüísticas. Las destrezas de lenguaje a trabajarse son: grupos consonánticos, orden alfabético, frases y oraciones,  familias de palabras, clases de oraciones, singulares y plurales, clases de sustantivos, singulares y plurales, artículos, signos de puntuación, sílabas tónicas y divisiones silábicas, verbos y tiempos verbales, tipos de sílabas, palabras compuestas y onomatopéyicas, gentilicios y diminutivos. Se continúan reforzando las destrezas básicas de escritura. Las competencias de comprensión de lectura que se han de considerar son: adquirir y ampliar vocabulario, identificar aspectos de un cuento, idea principal y detalles, causa y efecto, hacer inferencias, resumir, orden de sucesos, propósito del autor y realizar predicciones.

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Third Grade

Language Arts: Learning to read and write is the basis for all learning. At Third grade the aim is to develop the child’s ability to express him/herself in fluent, confident and accurate English within an integrated program of speaking and listening, reading and writing. Teachers will encourage children to develop an enjoyment of language and literature, thus acquiring the proper skills to become lifelong readers and writers, such as self-selection of books, and self-monitoring to correct errors when reading and writing. Third graders are expected to listen to and write about a variety of literary forms, such as stories and poems, and a variety of fiction and nonfiction genres. Children are expected to discuss various literary and nonliterary elements, such as characters, setting, theme, main idea and supporting details, summarizing, paraphrasing, inference, and cause-effect relationship, relate experiences, and retell stories.

Oral Communication will emphasize on the ability to read and spell common sight words. Written expression will work with the different elements of writing styles, such as audience awareness, voice, and use of descriptive language. Specific grammar skills will include: capitalization, punctuation, subject-verb agreement, tenses, and identifying proper nouns, comparative and superlative adjectives, present/past tense verbs, adverbs, prepositions, articles, conjunctions, and pronouns.  Students will be started on cursive writing. Spelling skills will focus on studying high frequency words, sight words, letter sound relationships, and specific spelling patterns.

Mathematics: Through Cupeyville School’s Math program, students will become confident and competent mathematical problem-solvers. Students will be able to compute and have deep conceptual understanding of numbers and think critically. Third grade curriculum focuses on the understanding of multiplication and division of whole numbers. Students will understand fraction equivalence for simple fractions, recognizing that the size of a fractional part is relative to the size of a whole number, investigate, analyze, and classify dimensional shapes. They will also construct and analyze various types of graphs and use them to solve problems. 

Science: Third Grade Science is a program designed to present science concepts in the context of real-life places and applications.  Science course will focus on teaching about interactions, relationships, relative motion, and cause and effect. Students will study the movement of the Earth and the Moon, plants and animal interactions, Earth’s lands and resources, cycles of Earth, matter, energy, and sources. Second Grade Science program will also provide opportunities for all students to experience many things and conduct hands-on science investigations in which student inquiry is an important goal.

Social Studies: Third grade Social Studies educational program focuses on exploring the concept of community, learning about the development of cultures, and systems of governance. While the primary focus is on the local community, students will also learn more about the larger worlds. Geographic skills development will result from comparisons of local communities with communities from near and far. Students will also learn more about the geography and richness of indigenous society and their legacy in the Puerto Rican culture.

Spanish: El programa de español aspira a que el estudiante que cursa el tercer grado utilice su lengua materna  adecuadamente y con fluidez, desarrollando al máximo sus capacidades lingüísticas. Las destrezas de lenguaje a trabajarse son: grupos consonánticos, clases de oraciones, singulares y plurales, clases de sustantivos, artículos, signos de puntuación, sílabas tónicas y divisiones silábicas, verbos y tiempos verbales, sufijos y prefijos, palabras homófonas, aumentativos/diminutivos y adjetivos. Se continúan reforzando las destrezas básicas de escritura. Las competencias de comprensión de lectura que se han de considerar son: adquirir y ampliar vocabulario, elementos de un cuento, idea principal y detalles, causa y efecto, hacer inferencias, resumir, pensamiento crítico, orden de sucesos, propósito del autor y realizar predicciones.

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Fourth Grade

Language Arts: Learning to read and write is the basis for all learning. At Fourth grade the aim is to develop the child’s ability to express him/herself in fluent, confident and accurate English within an integrated program of speaking and listening, reading and writing. Fourth graders are expected to show an awareness of the potential of oral language. They will use a wide range of vocabulary and complex sentences to clearly express and explain their thought, needs, feelings, opinions, and ideas. Reading skills will pursue the ability to discuss and reflect on what has been read, talk about characters, and analyze details of plot and characterization. Written expression will continue reinforcing correct cursive letter formation, adequate spacing, proportion, legibility, and neatness. Specific grammar skills will include: capitalization, present/past/future tense verbs, punctuation marks, pronouns, comparative/superlative adjectives, subjects and predicates.  Spelling skills will focus on accurately spelling high frequency words and spelling patterns of increasing complexity.

Mathematics: Through Cupeyville School’s Math program, students will become confident and competent mathematical problem-solvers. Students will be able to compute and have deep conceptual understanding of numbers and think critically. Fourth grade students will extend their learning of multiplication and division of whole numbers and decimals. They will solve problems that involve addition and subtraction of fraction and decimals. Students will also refine their estimation skills and solve problems involving geometric figures, probability, and measurements.

Science: Fourth grade science is a program designed to teach life science, physical science, earth science, and human body. Specific topics include scientific method, measurements, plant and animal life, classification of living organisms, properties of matter, motion, energy, and human growth and development. Each content area is enriched with a variety of activities for hands-on, minds-on types of learning experiences.

Social Studies: Fourth grade Social Studies educational program focuses on exploring the concept of community, learning about the development of the Puerto Rican culture and its system of governance. Other curricular contents include the study of history, economics, culture, natural resources, and geography or Puerto Rico. Students will also learn more about the geography and richness of indigenous and Spanish societies and their legacy in the Puerto Rican culture.

Spanish: El programa de español aspira a que el estudiante que cursa el cuarto grado utilice su lengua materna  adecuadamente y con fluidez, desarrollando al máximo sus capacidades lingüísticas. Las destrezas de lenguaje a trabajarse son: grupos consonánticos, clases de oraciones, singulares y plurales, clases de sustantivos, artículos, signos de puntuación, sílabas tónicas y divisiones silábicas, verbos y tiempos verbales, sufijos y prefijos, palabras homófonas, aumentativos/diminutivos, tipo de adjetivos, contracciones, sinónimos y antónimos, adverbios, uso del diccionario, conjunciones y homógrafos. Se continúan reforzando las destrezas básicas de escritura. Las competencias de comprensión de lectura que se han de considerar son: adquirir y ampliar vocabulario, claves en contexto, elementos de un cuento, lenguaje figurado, hechos y opiniones, géneros literarios, idea principal y detalles, causa y efecto, hacer inferencias, resumir, pensamiento crítico, orden de sucesos, propósito del autor y realizar predicciones.

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Fifth Grade

Language Arts: Learning to read and write is the basis for all learning. At Fifth grade the aim is to develop the child’s ability to express him/herself in fluent, confident and accurate English within an integrated program of speaking and listening, reading and writing. Fourth graders are expected to show an awareness of the potential of oral language. They will use a wide range of vocabulary and complex sentences to clearly express and explain their thought, needs, feelings, opinions, and ideas, as well as to inform, entertain, and influence others. Reading skills will pursue the ability to discuss and reflect on what has been read, talk about character motivations, and analyze details of plot and characterization. Written expression will continue reinforcing correct cursive letter formation, adequate spacing, proportion, legibility, and neatness. Specific grammar skills will include: capitalization, present/past/future tense verbs, punctuation marks, pronouns, comparative/superlative adjectives, subjects and predicates.  Spelling skills will focus on accurately spelling high frequency words and spelling patterns of increasing complexity.

Mathematics: Through Cupeyville School’s Math program, students will become confident and competent mathematical problem-solvers. Students will be able to compute and have deep conceptual understanding of numbers and think critically. Fifth grade extend their learning of multiplication and division of whole numbers, decimals, and fractions. They will solve problems that involve addition and subtraction of whole numbers, fractions and decimals. Students will be introduced to concepts relating to algebraic expressions and probability, as well as refine their estimation skills and solve problems involving number operations and relationships, mathematical processes, geometric figures, probability, and measurements. Fifth graders will understand the concepts of mean, median, mode, and range sets and can calculate them.

Science: Fifth grade science is a course designed to introduce students with important aspects of life, Earth, and physical science. Some of the topics explored and presented are: cells, animal classification, human growth, heredity, and cycle of nature, living interactions, preservation of the ecosystem, matter, atoms, forces, and energy. Each content area is enriched with a variety of activities for hands-on, minds-on types of learning experiences.

Social Studies: Fifth grade Social Studies cover the highlights of the history regions that will become the United States from pre-history to modern times. Geography and mapping skills are stressed along with political science, citizenship, economic, and behavioral science concepts. Students will also understand the chronology and significance of key events leading to self-government, such as: Civil War, Revolutionary War, etc.)

Spanish: El programa de español aspira a que el estudiante que cursa el quinto grado utilice su lengua materna  adecuadamente y con fluidez, desarrollando al máximo sus capacidades lingüísticas. Las destrezas de lenguaje a trabajarse son: grupos consonánticos, clases de oraciones, singulares y plurales, clases de sustantivos, artículos, signos de puntuación, sílabas tónicas y divisiones silábicas, reglas de acentuación, verbos y tiempos verbales, sufijos y prefijos, palabras derivadas, aumentativos/diminutivos, tipo de adjetivos, contracciones, sinónimos y antónimos, adverbios, uso del diccionario, modificadores, preposiciones, conjunciones y homógrafos. Se continúan reforzando las destrezas básicas de escritura. Las competencias de comprensión de lectura que se han de considerar son: adquirir y ampliar vocabulario, claves en contexto, elementos de un cuento, lenguaje figurado, hechos y opiniones, géneros literarios, idea principal y detalles, analogías, causa y efecto, hacer inferencias, simbolismos y moralejas, líneas cronológicas, lectura de un mapa, resumir, pensamiento crítico, orden de sucesos, propósito del autor, elementos de un poema y realizar predicciones.

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Sixth Grade

Language Arts: Learning to read and write is the basis for all learning. At Sixth grade level, the aim is to develop the child’s ability to express him/herself in fluent, confident and accurate English within an integrated program of speaking and listening, reading and writing. Sixth graders are expected to show an awareness of the potential of oral language. They will use a wide range of vocabulary and complex sentences to clearly express and explain their thought, needs, feelings, opinions, and ideas, as well as to inform, entertain, and influence others. Reading skills will pursue the ability to discuss and reflect on what has been read, talk about character motivations, elements of poetry/plays/novels, fiction and nonfiction, and analyze details of plot and characterization. Written expression will continue reinforcing correct cursive letter formation, adequate spacing, proportion, legibility, and neatness. Specific grammar skills will include: parts of speech, capitalization, present/past/future tense verbs, punctuation marks, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, subjects and predicates, adverbs, and prepositions.

Mathematics: Through Cupeyville School’s Math program, students will become confident and competent mathematical problem-solvers. Students will be able to compute and have deep conceptual understanding of numbers and think critically. Sixth grade educational program will focus on mastering the four arithmetic operations with whole numbers, positive rational numbers, positive decimals, and positive and negative integers. Students will find prime factorization, lest common multiples, and greatest common factors. Sixth graders will solve equations involving two operations and a single variable. They will analyze, draw conclusions, and make predictions based upon data and apply basic concepts of probability.

Science: Sixth grade science is a program designed to teach life science, physical science, earth science, and human body. Specific topics include scientific method, measurements, plant and animal life, classification of living organisms, properties of matter, motion, energy, and human growth and development. Each content area is enriched with a variety of activities for hands-on, minds-on types of learning experiences.

Social Studies: Sixth grade Social Studies program goes back to the dawn of civilizations and explores how humans evolved and gradually settled down to build civilizations. By studying Ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, Asia and the Americas, Western, and Eastern civilization, students will begin to understand the complexity of a society, place events in a chronological framework, and make comparison and contrast between them.

Spanish: El programa de español aspira a que el estudiante que cursa el sexto grado utilice su lengua materna  adecuadamente y con fluidez, desarrollando al máximo sus capacidades lingüísticas. Las destrezas de lenguaje a trabajarse son: grupos consonánticos, partes de una oración, singulares y plurales, clases de sustantivos, artículos, signos de puntuación, sílabas tónicas y divisiones silábicas, reglas de acentuación, verbos y tiempos verbales, sufijos y prefijos, palabras primitivas y derivadas, aumentativos/diminutivos, tipo de adjetivos, puntos suspensivos, contracciones, sinónimos y antónimos, adverbios, uso del diccionario, parónimos, modificadores, preposiciones, conjunciones y homófonos/homógrafos. Se continúan reforzando las destrezas básicas de escritura. Las competencias de comprensión de lectura que se han de considerar son: adquirir y ampliar vocabulario, claves en contexto, elementos de un cuento, lenguaje figurado, hechos y opiniones, géneros literarios, idea principal y detalles, analogías, causa y efecto, hacer inferencias, simbolismos y moralejas, líneas cronológicas, lectura de un mapa, resumir, pensamiento crítico, orden de sucesos, propósito del autor, elementos de un poema y realizar predicciones.

Health: The Health program has an integral approach and it is based in the promotion of physical, mental-emotional health as general well being and maintenance, as well as a social-cultural and spiritual health, not just the prevention of diseases or illness. The overall objective of the program is to develop human beings with knowledge, skills, attitudes and habits, which will allow them to adopt and promote healthy lifestyles which will result in the prevention of illness and diseases for him/her as well as others.

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Additional Courses

Physical Education: Physical Education program from First to Third grade level, focuses on developing in students the necessary skills to become a physically active person, related to aspects of good health, performing and enjoying recreational activities, as well as practicing various sports. Skills to be strengthened are: gross motor skills, fine motor skills, and simple organization skills.

Fourth through Sixth grade level program aims to develop students physically and socially through different types of sports, such as: volleyball, swimming, basketball, jump rope, indoor soccer, and other recreational grades.

Art: Through the Art program, First graders will become more familiar with the elements of art. This class will focus on the following skills: lines, shapes, forms, colors, values, textures, and space. Second graders will become familiar with the principles of art: balance, emphasis, proportions, movement, unity, variety, rhythm, perspective, and harmony.

The Art curriculum program from Third to Sixth grade level, will explore the art of Native Americans. The native art topics to be elaborated are: Eskimos, Inuit, Navajos, Hopi Indians, Haida Indians, Pueblo Indians, Nootka Indians, and Tlingit Indians. 

Music: The processes of learning, creating, performing, and responding to, and understanding music are the primary goals of the elementary school Music program. Elementary School students will learn to recognize and demonstrate the basic music elements of rhythm, beat, melody, harmony, texture, tempo, dynamics, timbre, and form. They will participate in musical activities that represent a variety of time periods and cultures, and accompany music with classroom instruments (chimes, hand bells, and flute) and body percussions. Children identify repeating and contrasting sections in music, sing a song accompanied by piano, and play music in groups.

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